All entries of category 'biology'

Vulcan English Description Category
beteretik parapatric 2 or more closely-related species which live in areas that are right next to each other and which do not have any geographic obstacles in between biology
bolaya-meilak essential element a chemical element that is necessary to the healthy growth of an organism biology
dah-da-kuvauk dimictic having two parts; lakes and reservoirs that freeze over and normally go through two stratifications and two mixing cycles a year biology
dah-dukal-talvot diplococcus a gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs biology
dah-guv'es bisexuality showing characteristics of both sexes; sexual activity with both men and women biology
dah-guv- bisexual having both male and female reproductive organs; hermaphroditic; of, relating to, or having a sexual orientation to persons of either sex (adjective) biology
dah-guvik bisexual having both male and female reproductive organs; hermaphroditic; of, relating to, or having a sexual orientation to persons of either sex (adjective) biology
dah-ketek dimer a molecule consisting of two identical simpler molecules; a chemical compound consisting of such molecules biology
dah-krusik dimerous consisting of two parts or segments, as the tarsus in certain insects biology
dah-svitan-shitaya bicentric distribution bicentric distribution (no definition found) biology
dah-toltra-nala diploid an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number (noun) biology
di'kish-torek metabolism the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life biology
di-kish-torek-vutek metabolic pathway a series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell, catalyzed by enzymes, to achieve in either the formation of a metabolic product to be used or stored by the cell, or the initiation of another metabolic pathway biology
difan'es longevity long life; great duration of life; length or duration of life (VLI) biology
esh-tukh-klan oxygen demand the oxygen used in meeting the metabolic needs of aerobic microorganisms in water rich in organic matter (eg water polluted with sewage) biology
esh-tukhovau-zalu oxidase any of a group of enzymes that catalyze oxidation, especially an enzyme that reacts with molecular oxygen to catalyze the oxidation of a substrate biology
esta-sadvun thigmotaxis the property possessed by living protoplasm of contracting, and thus moving, when touched by a solid or fluid substance; movement of an organism in response to contact with a solid body biology
falek-rishupik thermoduric capable of surviving high temperatures, especially those of pasteurization; used of a microorganism biology
guv gender sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture; the condition of being female or male; sex biology
guv-kanashivaya sexual reproduction reproduction involving the union or fusion of a male and a female gamete; sexual intercourse; mating biology
guv-tvi-rivak sexual intercourse intercourse between a male and a female in which the penis is inserted into the vagina biology
guvik sexual of, relating to, involving, or characteristic of sex, sexuality, the sexes, or the sex organs and their functions; relating to, produced by, or involving reproduction characterized by the union of male and female gametes biology
ha'gel-rubah-dvun phototaxis the movement of an organism or a cell toward or away from a source of light biology
ha'gel-wak-krus photoperiod duration duration of an organism's daily exposure to light, considered especially with regard to the effect of the exposure on growth and development biology
ha'kelikaya domestication to train or adapt (an animal or plant) to live in a human environment and be of use to humans; to introduce and accustom (an animal or plant) into another region; naturalize biology
ha'kiv-da-nel life cycle the course of developmental changes through which an organism passes from its inception as a fertilized zygote to the mature state biology
ha- biotic of or having to do with life or living organisms; produced or caused by living organisms (adjective) biology
ha-don-ka'es biodiversity the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region biology
ha-ek'shal biosphere the part of the earth and its atmosphere in which living organisms exist or that is capable of supporting life biology
ha-fereikan biosynthesis formation of a chemical compound by a living organism, also called biogenesis biology
ha-ha'tanaya bioluminescence emission of visible light by living organisms such as the firefly and various fish, fungi, and bacteria biology
ha-kas-shal biome a major regional or global biotic community, such as a grassland or desert, characterized chiefly by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate biology
ha-katravek biotic association biotic association (no definition available) biology
ha-klai biotic factor the consequent results of an organisms actions in a given area that affects the life of another organism; is a factor created by a living thing, as opposed to the wind which is not biology
ha-koshtri biological race a group of organisms which differ only in their physiological or ecological behavior from other groups in the same species biology
ha-solektra-foshek biogeographical barrier biogeographical barrier (no definition available) biology
ha-solektra-shal biogeographical region an area of the Earth determined by distribution of flora and fauna biology
ha-solektra-shidik biotopographic biotopographic (no definition available) biology
ha-solektra-tal biogeography the study of the geographic distribution of organismsa a branch of biology that deals with the geographical distribution of animals and plants biology
ha-storauk biogenic produced by living organisms or biological processes; necessary for the maintenance of life processes biology
ha-storaya biogenesis the principle that living organisms develop only from other living organisms and not from nonliving matter biology
ha-tal biology the science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution biology
ha-tash biological control control of pests by disrupting their ecological status, as through the use of organisms that are natural predators biology
ha-tehvar biohazard a biological agent, such as an infectious microorganism, or a condition that constitutes a threat to humans biology
ha-tor-tal biophysics the science that deals with the application of physics to biological processes and phenomena biology
ha-travek community a group of plants and animals living and interacting with one another in a specific region under relatively similar environmental conditions (biology) biology
ha-vel organism a living (or once living) entity that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently biology
ha-veltra taxon a taxonomic category or group, such as a phylum, order, family, genus, or species biology
ha-ves biotype a group of organisms having the same genotype biology
ha-ves-storaya phylogeny the evolutionary development and history of a species or higher taxonomic grouping of organisms biology
hatan-tukh organic matter plant and animal residues, or substances made by living organisms; all are based upon carbon compounds biology
hatanik organic of relating to, or derived from living organisms; of relating to, or affecting a bodily organ biology
hateretik sympatric occcupying the same or overlapping geographic areas without interbreeding biology
haterkadaya symbiosis a close, prolonged association between two or more different organisms of different species that may, but does not necessarily, benefit each member biology
hatik biological of, relating to, caused by, or affecting life or living organisms (adj.) biology
hatik biotic of or having to do with life or living organisms; produced or caused by living organisms (adjective) biology
hatra biomass the total mass of living matter within a given unit of environmental area biology
k'fai-sanek osmosis diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration biology
k'fai-sanek-ne'hish osmotic pressure the pressure exerted by the flow of water through a semipermeable membrane separating two solutions with different concentrations of solute biology
k'wuhl-koshtri biospecies biospecies (no definition found) biology
kan-nala daughter cell a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell biology
kan-nala-svitan daughter nucleus a new cell nucleus formed in mitosis by the diaster biology
kastik-yokultik phytophagous feeding on plants, including shrubs and trees; used especially of certain insects biology
kuhlau-sanan-dvatai competitive exclusion principle states that two species that compete for the exact same resources cannot stably coexist. One of the two competitors will always have an ever so slight advantage over the other that leads to extinction of the second competitor biology
kuhlaya competition the simultaneous demand by two or more organisms for limited environmental resources, such as nutrients, living space, or light biology
kup-padvun'es vagility the capacity or tendency of an organism or a species to move about or disperse in a given environment biology
kup-padvunik vagile characterized by vagility; able to move about or disperse in a given environment biology
malat-dvelan natural selection a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment biology
malatik natural presenting in or produced by nature; of relating to, or concerning nature; conforming to the usual or ordinary course of nature biology
mu'gel-rubilaya dark adaptation the process of adjusting the eyes to low levels of illumination; cones adapt first; rods continue to adapt for up to four hours biology
nala-da-nel cell cycle the series of events involving the growth, replication, and division of a eukaryotic cell biology
nala-dahshaya cell division the process by which a cell divides to form two daughter cells biology
nala-kaunshaya cell fusion the merging of two or more cells into a single cell biology
nala-kaushau-khrashaya exocytosis a process of cellular secretion or excretion in which substances contained in vesicles are discharged from the cell by fusion of the vesicular membrane with the outer cell membrane biology
nala-litra cell culture the maintenance or growth of dispersed cells in a medium after removal from the body; a culture of such cells biology
nala-natyantek cell differentiation progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function which takes place during the development of the embryo and leads to the formation of specialised cells, tissues, and organs biology
nala-ne'hish-stegal'es turgor the normal fullness or tension produced by the fluid content of blood vessels, capillaries, and plant or animal cells biology
nala-to'ovaya cell growth usually used to mean increase in the size of a population of cells though strictly should be reserved for an increase in cytoplasmic volume of an individual cell biology
nati-wakrubaya mosaic evolution the concept that major evolutionary changes tend to take place in stages, not all at once biology
natilaya differentiation the process by which cells or tissues undergo a change toward a more specialized form or function, especially during embryonic development biology
nen-shif base pair set of chemicals linking DNA: a chemical unit that forms the bridge linking the complementary strands of DNA or RNA. It consists of a purine linked to a pyrimidine by hydrogen bonds biology
nen-velek primary structure the linear sequence of amino acids in a protein biology
nen-vukhut basal body a minute distinctively staining cell organelle found at the base of a flagellum or cilium and identical to a centriole in structure; also called basal granule, kinetosome biology
numo-ha-vel microorganism an organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size, especially a bacterium or protozoan biology
pi'lek-meikal trace element a chemical element required in minute quantities by an organism to maintain proper physical functioning; a minute quantity or amount biology
pla'rak-tselaya reverse mutation reversion of a gene to an ancestral form due to further mutation to the original codon or one coding for the same amino acid biology
pu'gal baryon any of the elementary particles having a mass equal to or greater than that of a proton and that participate in strong interactions; a hadron with a baryon number of +1 biology
rika-ves-katelaya disassortative mating mating of individuals having traits more dissimilar than likely in random mating biology
rish-kosh-vesaya cross breeding the process of breeding an animal with purebred parents of two different breeds, varieties, or populations (noun) biology
saganau-fishek dispersal barrier things (eg oceans, predators, etc) that prevent a species from dispersing biology
saganau-tor-vel dispersal mechanism the mechanism by which an organism or plant disperses (eg. flying, walking, through seeds, etc) biology
saganaya dispersal the capacity of organisms to move from their birthplace to a new site biology
sahr-kastik ephemeral living or lasting only for a day, as certain plants or insects do biology
sakkhet longevity long life; great duration of life; length or duration of life biology
samek-ashauk cryophilic capable of living at low temperatures; surviving low temperatures biology
sha'ti niche the function or position of an organism or population within an ecological community; the particular area within a habitat occupied by an organism biology
sha'ti-dahsau-koshtrivaya quasi-sympatric speciation quasi-sympatric speciation [no definition available] biology
shai-tselaya spontaneous mutation a mutation that arises naturally and not as a result of exposure to mutagens; aka natural mutation biology
shai-vikantaya self-fertilization fertilization by sperm from the same animal, as in some hermaphrodites, or by pollen from the same flower biology
si-yu-mursuk oviparous producing eggs that hatch outside the body biology
sokulm culture the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar) biology
sposhan-koshtrivaya quantum speciation the rapid evolution of a new species from a small population that is partially or totally isolated from the parent population biology
svitan-ha-gel eukaryote an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells biology
talvot- bacterial relating to or caused by bacteria (adjective) biology
talvotik bacterial relating to or caused by bacteria (adjective) biology
tepul-yumaya energy flow the intake, conversion and passage of energy through an organism or ecosystem biology
ter-klai cofactor a substance (as a coenzyme) that must join with another to produce a given result biology
ter-wakrubaya coevolution the joint development and adaptation to external changes of two or more interdependent species, e.g. parasites and the animals they live on biology
teretau-wakrubaya convergent evolution the appearance of apparently similar structures in organisms of different lines of descent biology
tol-rushan gene conversion a genetic process in which a heterozygote with one damaged strand of DNA produces gametes in an aberrant allelic ratio due to repair of the damaged strand with genetic material complementary to the other strand biology
tol-travek gene family a group of genes whose constituents are related because all have been derived from an ancestral gene biology
tol-va'asaya gene duplication occurs when an error in DNA replication leads to the duplication of a region of DNA containing a (generally functional) gene biology
tol-vuhnaya genetic variance phenotypic variance (variance of phenotype due to genotypic and environmental factors combined) resulting from the presence of different genotypes in the population. biology
tsel- mutant resulting from or undergoing mutation (adjective) biology
tsel-vel mutant an individual, organism, or new genetic character arising or resulting from mutation biology
tselau mutate to undergo or cause to undergo mutation biology
tselau-palikauk mutagenic capable of inducing mutation (used mainly of extracellular factors such as X-rays or chemical pollution) biology
tselau-tav mutation rate the frequency with which a particular mutation appears in a population or which any mutation appears in the whole genome of a population biology
tselaya mutation the act or process of being altered or changed; an alteration or change, as in nature, form, or quality biology
tselayek mutagen any agent (physical or environmental) that can induce a genetic mutation or can increase the rate of mutation biology
tselik mutant resulting from or undergoing mutation (adjective) biology
tselsu mutant an individual, organism, or new genetic character arising or resulting from mutation (VLI) biology
tsuri-nala-tselaya somatic mutation a mutation occurring in the general body cells (as opposed to the germ cells) and hence not transmitted to progeny biology
tuhsau-kosh-vesaya cross-breeding producing offspring from parents of different stock (verb) biology
tvi-hatik endobiotic pertaining to an organism living parasitically in the host biology
tvisek reflex being an involuntary action or response, such as a sneeze, blink, or hiccup; produced as an automatic response or reaction (adj.) biology
ul-abrupik'es partial dominance failure of one gene to be completely dominant, the heterozygotes showing a phenotype intermediate between the two parents biology
ul-neshuhk-kastik partial parasite partial parasite [no definition available] biology
velek structure the arrangement or formation of the tissues, organs, or other parts of an organism; an organ or other part of an organism biology
vin maturation the process of becoming mature; the processes by which gametes are formed biology
vinik mature having reached full natural growth or development; of relating to, or characteristic of full development, either mental or physical (adjective) biology
vlavia-wakrubaya parallel evolution the independent evolution of similar structures in two or more rather closely related organisms biology
wak-ha-shal biozone biozone (no definition available) biology
wehk-slortra-tukh polysaccharide any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules biology
wuh-tevun-vinik univoltine having one brood a year; only breeding once a year biology
za-tol recessive gene gene that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical, e.g. "The recessive gene for blue eyes" biology
za-tselaya back mutation mutation of a previously mutated gene to its former condition biology

137 terms found.