All entries of category 'meteorology'

Vulcan English Description Category
(ek')le-suma-wein glaciation the process of covering with glaciers or masses of ice meteorology
(igen-)kur-kesek rainbow an arc of spectral colors that appears in the sky opposite the sun as a result of the refractive dispersion of sunlight in drops of rain or mist meteorology
(suk')izh-skish avalanche - snow w/wo rock a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain meteorology
(suk')kov-skish avalanche - rock only a slide of large masses of rock only down a mountain meteorology
abomesaya inversion an atmospheric condition in which the air temperature rises with increasing altitude, holding surface air down and preventing dispersion of pollutants meteorology
abrash flood an overflowing of water onto land that is normally dry; an abundant flow or outpouring (noun) meteorology
abrash-tor flood to cover or submerge with or as if with a flood; to fill with an abundance or an excess (verb) meteorology
abru'lik sov-razh air pocket a local region of low pressure or descending air that causes a plane to lose height suddenly meteorology
abru-tol ceiling the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds meteorology
ak'wik-abrash flash flood a sudden flood of great volume, usually caused by a heavy rain meteorology
arev desert wind name Syrran went by when he first met Archer and T'Pol (ENT - The Forge) meteorology
asal-masu dew water that has condensed on a cool surface overnight from water vapor in the air meteorology
asal-masu-sfek dew point point in which atmospheric condensation begins; point in which clouds start to form meteorology
asal-masu-tevan dewfall the falling of dew; the time when dew begins to fall meteorology
asal-masu-thek dewdrop a drop of dew meteorology
da-eshu'a tornado a localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground meteorology
dukal-igen-wesh ball lightning a rare form of lightning consisting of luminous balls that may move along solid objects or float in the air meteorology
eitau shear to become deformed by forces tending to produce a shearing strain (verb) meteorology
ek'esik masu'es absolute humidity the amount of water vapor present in a unit volume of air meteorology
ek'kovtra-ek'nosh continental climate the climate characteristic of the interior of a continent, with hot summers, cold winters, and little rainfall meteorology
ek'nosh climate the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time meteorology
ek'nosh-rubah climatic change a change in the statistical distribution of weather over periods of time that range from decades to millions of years meteorology
ek'nosh-shal climatic zone any of the geographical zones loosely divided according to prevailing climate and latitude meteorology
ek'nosh-tal climatology the meteorological study of climates and their phenomena meteorology
ek'nosh-venek climatic trend a climate change characterized by a reasonably smooth, monotonic increase or decrease of the average value of one or more climatic elements during the period of record meteorology
eshikh-salan sirocco a hot humid south or southeast wind originating in the Sahara Desert as a dry dusty wind but becoming moist as it passes over the Mediterranean meteorology
fal hot having or giving off heat; capable of burning; being at a high temperature; exhibiting a temperature that is higher than normal or desirable meteorology
falek'es temperature the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment meteorology
falun-shetau-ek'shal ionosphere a region of the earth's atmosphere where ionization caused by incoming solar radiation affects the transmission of radio waves; extends 70-400 km high meteorology
fezanikau forecast to estimate or calculate in advance, esp. to predict weather conditions by analysis (verb) meteorology
fezanikaya forecast a prediction, as of coming events or conditions (noun) meteorology
fnalan draft draft; blowing air; wind (noun) meteorology
gad-wakik falek'es-vuhnaya diurnal temperature variation a daily temperature variation meteorology
grazhiv-sahriv dust storm dust storm; meteorology
grazhiv-sahriv sandstorm a cloud of sand driven violently by the wind; a strong wind carrying clouds of sand and dust through the air meteorology
igen-tukh atmosphere the mass of air surrounding the Earth; the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body meteorology
igen-va weather the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure (noun) meteorology
igen-va-ek'shal troposphere the lowest region of the atmosphere between the earth's surface and the tropopause, characterized by decreasing temperature with increasing altitude meteorology
igen-va-tal meteorology the science that deals with the phenomena of the atmosphere, especially weather and weather conditions meteorology
igen-vasha weather to expose to the action of the elements, as for drying, seasoning, or coloring; to discolor, disintegrate, wear, or otherwise affect adversely by exposure (verb) meteorology
igen-wesh lightning an abrupt, discontinuous natural electric discharge in the atmosphere; the visible flash of light accompanying such a discharge meteorology
igen-wesh-sahriv electrical storm electrical storm meteorology
ihsek fog condensed water vapor in cloudlike masses lying close to the ground and limiting visibility (n) (anc.) meteorology
ihsek-kesek fobbow a nebulous arc or circle of white or yellowish light sometimes seen in fog; like a rainbow meteorology
ihsek-le-suma rime a coating, as of mud or slime, likened to a frosty film; a coating of ice formed when extremely cold water droplets freeze almost instantly meteorology
ihsek-masu fog drip rain that is produced from fog meteorology
ihsek-pasht fogbound so enveloped in fog that it is not safe to move about; as in a fogbound fleet meteorology
ihsekweik foggy full of or surrounded by fog; resembling or suggestive of fog meteorology
irak-wak winter (season) usually usually coldest season of the year, occurring between autumn and spring, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox (scientific) meteorology
izh snow frozen precipitation in the form of white or translucent hexagonal ice crystals that fall in soft, white flakes (noun) meteorology
izh-sahriv blizzard a violent snowstorm with winds blowing at a minimum speed of 35 miles (56 kilometers) per hour and visibility of less than one-quarter mile (400 meters) for three hours meteorology
izh-sahriv snowstorm a storm marked by heavy snowfall meteorology
izh-vok snow level the elevation in mountainous terrain where the precipitation changes from rain to snow depending on temperature of the airmass meteorology
izhau snow to fall as or in snow; (verb) meteorology
ka'ug'yel- sunny abounding with sunlight (adj) meteorology
ka'ug'yelik sunny bright with light from the sun (adj)" meteorology
ka-falek'es-zehl isotherm a line drawn on a weather map or chart linking all points of equal or constant temperature meteorology
ka-ne'hish'zehl isobar a line on a weather map connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure. Also called isopiestic meteorology
karik salan gale any of four winds with speeds of from 32 to 63 miles (51 to 102 kilometers) per hour meteorology
kastik-kel-daya greenhouse effect warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere caused by carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane meteorology
khrash-pral tsunami a very large ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption; tidal wave meteorology
kxi'e breeze any of five winds with speeds of from 4 to 31 miles (6 to 50 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale (Marketa) meteorology
lamekh warm somewhat hotter than temperate; having or producing a comfortable and agreeable degree of heat; moderately hot meteorology
lamekh-suk'kunel-salan chinook chinook; warm wind that blows down mountain sides meteorology
lamekh-suk'kunel-salan fohn; foehn a warm dry wind coming off the lee slopes of a mountain range; a chinook wind meteorology
le-su frost a deposit of minute ice crystals formed when water vapor condenses at a temperature below freezing (anc.) meteorology
le-suma-kunel-pasht icebound completely surrounded by ice so that you cannot get in or out meteorology
le-suma-pal ice age any period of time during which glaciers covered a large part of the earth's surface, the last occurring during the Pleistocene Epoch meteorology
le-suma-sahriv ice storm a storm with freezing rain that leaves everything glazed with ice meteorology
le-sumaya freeze The act of freezing; a spell of cold weather; a frost (noun) meteorology
mashulayek shower a brief fall of precipitation, such as rain, hail, or sleet meteorology
masu-da-nel hydrologic(al) cycle the distribution of the earth's water as it evaporates from bodies of water, condenses, precipitates, and returns to those bodies of water meteorology
masu-ek'shal hydrosphere the waters of the Earth's surface as distinguished from those of the lithosphere and the atmosphere; the water vapor in the Earth's atmosphere meteorology
masu-kov hail precipitation in the form of spherical or irregular pellets of ice larger than 5 millimeters (0.2 inches) in diameter meteorology
masu-nakh moisture index moisture index [no definition available] meteorology
masu-vo'ekti moisture budget moisture budget [no definition available] meteorology
masutra-eshu'a waterspout a tornado or lesser whirlwind occurring over water and resulting in a funnel-shaped whirling column of air and spray meteorology
masutra-pi'salan sea breeze a cool breeze blowing from the sea toward the land meteorology
maz-izh firn granular, partially consolidated snow that has passed through one melt but is not yet glacial ice meteorology
mazhiv-sahriv sandstorm a strong wind in the desert that blows clouds of sand in the air meteorology
mazhiv-yon sandfire a vicious sandstorm that creates its own lightning found in the desert (VLI-TGV) meteorology
mazhyon sandfire a vicious sandstorm that creates its own lightning found in the desert (VLI-MGV) meteorology
mik-yal t'sov-masu rain gauge gauge consisting of an instrument to measure the quantity of precipitation meteorology
muhs vapour barely visible or cloudy diffused matter, such as mist, fumes, or smoke, suspended in the air meteorology
ne'le-mashen ebb tide the flowing back of tide water to the ocean; opposite of flood meteorology
neik-shal depression an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation (meteor.) meteorology
pa-nosh-falek'es ambient temperature temperature of the surrounding air or other medium meteorology
pa-tukh t'falek-pash greenhouse gas any of the atmospheric gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane meteorology
pau halo a circular band of colored light around a light source, as around the sun or moon, caused by the refraction and reflection of light by ice particles meteorology
pau corona an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere meteorology
pen sov-masu-tevan rain shower a brief period of precipitation meteorology
pi'salan breeze any of five winds with speeds of from 4 to 31 miles (6 to 50 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale (VLI) meteorology
pi'shal-ek'nosh microclimate the climate of a small, specific place within an area as contrasted with the climate of the entire area meteorology
pi'sov-mashau drizzle to drizzle; as in to drizzle icing on a cake (verb) meteorology
pi'sov-masu drizzle very soft rain (noun) meteorology
pid-desh'rak-ek'nosh Boreal climate the climate of an area comprising or throughout far northern regions meteorology
pid-mashen high tide the tide at its fullest, when the water reaches its highest level; the time at which this tide occurs; also called high water meteorology
pid-sov-ek'shal stratosphere the region of the atmosphere above the troposphere and below the mesosphere meteorology
pid-tin-wan cloud - altostratus a stratus cloud at an intermediate altitude of 2 or 3 miles meteorology
pid-tra-wan cloud - altocumulus a cumulus cloud at an intermediate altitude of 2 or 3 miles meteorology
praduk front the interface between air masses of different temperatures or densities meteorology
pseth-wak-krus drought extreme dry conditions; lack of rain for a long time meteorology
rahm thunder a booming or crashing noise caused by air expanding along the path of a bolt of lightning; a deep prolonged loud noise meteorology
rahm-sahriv thunderstorm a storm resulting from strong rising air currents; heavy rain or hail along with thunder and lightning meteorology
risteraya divergence a meteorological condition characterized by the uniform expansion in volume of a mass of air over a region, usually accompanied by fair dry weather meteorology
sa-sovaya precipitation any form of water, such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail, that falls to the earth's surface meteorology
sahriv storm an atmospheric disturbance manifested in strong winds accompanied by rain, snow, or other precipitation and often by thunder and lightning meteorology
sahriv-tral storm surge an onshore rush of water associated with tropical cyclones; storm surge is caused primarily by high winds pushing on the ocean's surface meteorology
salan wind moving air, especially a natural and perceptible movement of air parallel to or along the ground; a movement of air coming from one of the four cardinal points of the compass (noun) meteorology
salan-eitaya wind shear a change in wind direction and speed between slightly different altitudes, especially a sudden downdraft meteorology
salan-mazhiv blown sand blown sand; sand storm meteorology
salan-samu'ahn wind chill the serious chilling effect of wind and low temperature meteorology
salan-thonek anemometer a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind meteorology
salanayik windy abounding in or exposed to the wind or breezes meteorology
samek-praduk cold front the front of an advancing mass of colder air meteorology
samu(-) cool neither warm or very cold; giving relief from heat (temperature) (adjective); not hot meteorology
sash-sov-masu acid rain rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions combine with water meteorology
sasov-saya condensation atmospheric moisture that has condensed because of cold; the act of increasing the density of something (process) meteorology
seshan-ek'shal magnetosphere a region extending from about 100 to several 1000 kms above the surface in which charged particles are trapped meteorology
shatik igen-va-wurzel automatic weather station automatic weather station (no definition found) meteorology
si-ek'shal exosphere region of the atmosphere above the ionosphere; beginning at a height of about 400 miles meteorology
si-falek-ek'shal thermosphere the outermost shell of the atmosphere, between the mesosphere and outer space, where temperatures increase steadily with altitude meteorology
solek-potau-masu hygroscopic water water adsorbed by a dry soil from an atmosphere of high relative humidity; water lost from an air-dry soil when it is heated to 105C meteorology
solektra-hutaya earthquake earthquake meteorology
sov air the colorless, odorless, tasteless, gaseous mixture, mainly nitrogen (approximately 78 percent) and oxygen (approximately 21 percent) meteorology
sov-dvun-vo'ektaya aerodynamic balance instrument used for the measurement of the forces exerted on the surfaces of instruments exposed to flowing air; it is frequently used in tests made on models in wind tunnels meteorology
sov-mashau rain to fall in drops of water from the clouds; to fall like rain (verb) meteorology
sov-masu rain water condensed from atmospheric vapor and falling in drops (noun) meteorology
sov-masu'es humidity dampness, especially of the air; relative humidity meteorology
sov-masu-tal hydrometeorology the branch of meteorology that deals with the occurrence, motion, and changes of state of atmospheric water meteorology
sov-masu-thek raindrop a drop of rain meteorology
sov-masu-thonek hygrometer any of several instruments that measure atmospheric humidity meteorology
sov-masupik humid containing or characterized by a high amount of water or water vapor meteorology
sov-masuyan- rainy wet by periods of rain; marked by rain meteorology
sov-masuyanik rainy wet by periods of rain; marked by rain meteorology
sov-ne'hish air pressure the pressure exerted by the atmosphere meteorology
sov-ne'hish atmospheric pressure the pressure exerted by the atmosphere meteorology
sov-ne'hish-thonek barometer an instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially in weather forecasting meteorology
sov-tal aerology meteorology of the total vertical extent of the atmosphere as opposed to the study of the atmosphere near Earth's surface meteorology
sovtra air mass a large body of air with uniform characteristics horizontally meteorology
suk'kunel-wan orographic cloud a cloud whose form and extent is determined by the disturbing effects of orography and mountains upon the passing flow of air meteorology
suk'masutra-eshu'a hurricane a wind with a speed greater than 74 miles (119 kilometers) per hour and usually involving heavy rains meteorology
suk'masutra-eshu'a typhoon a tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific or Indian oceans meteorology
suk'shal-ek'nosh macroclimate the climate of a large geographic area meteorology
suk'sov-dan cyclone rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low-pressure center; circling counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern meteorology
svi-wak t'pid-masu high-water interval time interval it takes for a body of water to reach its highest level meteorology
svitan-sov-ek'shal mesosphere a portion of the atmosphere from about 30 to 80 kilometers (20 to 50 miles) above the earth's surface; between the stratosphere and thermosphere meteorology
tcha-wan cloud - cirrus high thin wispy coulds meteorology
terkart-tor flocculate to cause (clouds) to form fluffy masses; to cause (soil) to form lumps or masses meteorology
tevun-yonuk t'sov-masu rainy season the part of the year when large amounts of rain fall in some tropical regions of the world meteorology
tin-masu-wan nimbostratus cloud a low, gray, often dark cloud that precipitates rain, snow, or sleet; usually below 8000 ft (2400 m) meteorology
tin-tcha-wan cloud - cirrostratus high thin clouds meteorology
tin-tra-wan stratocumulus (cloud) a low-lying cloud formation occurring in extensive horizontal layers with rounded summits meteorology
tin-wan stratus (cloud) a low-altitude cloud formation consisting of a horizontal layer of gray clouds meteorology
torai-svitan centre of action any one of the semi-permanent highs and lows that appear on mean charts of sea level pressure meteorology
tra-masu-wan cloud - cumulonimbus cumulonimbus; storm clouds; usually associated with thunder storms and rain meteorology
tra-tcha-wan cloud - cirrocumulus cirrocumulus; high fluffy ones meteorology
tra-wan cloud - cumulus cumulus; white fluffy clouds meteorology
ug'yel-shen sunrise the time in the early morning when the sun first appears in the sky with the light of a new day; atmospheric phenomena accompanying the daily appearance of the sun meteorology
ug'yel-tevan sunset atmospheric phenomena accompanying the daily appearance of the sun; atmospheric phenomena accompanying the daily disappearance of the sun meteorology
vath-sov-dan anticyclone winds spiraling outward from a high-pressure center; circling clockwise in the northern hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the southern meteorology
vesh-ek'nosh-tal paleoclimatology the study of climatic conditions, and their causes and effects, in the geologic past, using evidence found in glacial deposits, fossils, and sediments meteorology
vok t'le-sumaya freezing level the altitude in the atmosphere where the temperature drops to 0C (32F) meteorology
wan cloud mass of liquid particles suspended in a gaseous medium (noun) (VLI) meteorology
wan-sateh'es cloudiness the quality of being cloudy; the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds meteorology
wan-wein cloud cover the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds meteorology
wantra cloud bank a layer of clouds seen from a distance meteorology
wauk turbulence an eddying motion of the atmosphere that interrupts the flow of wind; the state or quality of being turbulent meteorology
wef flake a flat thin piece or layer; a chip; a small crystalline bit of snow; a small piece; a bit meteorology
xoi'ksem cloud cloud/mass of liquid particles suspended in a gaseous medium meteorology

170 terms found.